The United States has been a leading superpower for over a century now, but if you go back a few hundred years they were a nothing country struggling to make themselves heard. The might of Egypt, Athens, Sparta, Persia, Rome, the Ottoman Empire, the British Empire—they all rose and fell, becoming superpowers and then losing that status just as quickly.

The question is, if this cycle continues and the United States, China and the EU lose their superpower status, then what will the future hold—which countries will be the biggest earners a hundred years from now?

Nothing is certain, but in this guide we’ll take a look at the countries most likely to fight their way to the top of the list of global superpowers. Whether they get there by conquering half the globe and establishing a trade empire with the other half, or by multi level marketing, agriculture and energy. There are many ways to make it big and these are the counties most likely to make it.

India

India are a controversial addition to this list as many consider them to be a superpower already, but the truth is, the US is really the only country that can be defined as a superpower according to many definitions, and even the looser definitions only go as far as to include the European Union and China.

Also, to many people India is a poverty stricken country that will never match the likes of the US and China. If you’re in this group then you’ll be surprised to know that India actually spend more money on their military than Russia, they have a population that only China surpasses and their nominal GDP is around four times greater than Russia and half that of Japan, which is one of the richest countries in the world.

India have the population, the growth, the markets and the might to become one of the biggest superpowers in the world. They have the workforce and the manufacturing power to match China, and they also have a monopoly on many items. The export of textiles is helping to prop-up the Indian economy and this, in addition to their chemical and food processing industry, could help them to become the richest power in Asia.

They generate over $300 billion in exports alone and have a labor force of over half a billion workers. This means they have more workers than the US has citizens and when you consider how much land they have and how many established sectors they have, they will no doubt be able to put this to good use.

Brazil

The economy of Brazil has steadily grown over the last decade or so, creeping up the rankings and becoming one of the biggest in the world seemingly from nothing. They are the biggest economy in South America and with a huge expanse of land, over 200 million citizens and a per capita GDP that’s actually higher than India, the future is bright for Brazil.

Brazil has a vast coastline and lucrative metal industries, with huge sums of money generated through the manufacture and export of tin, steel and aircraft parts. There is a huge disparity here though, almost as much as India, with 5% of the country said to have more money than the other 95%. What’s more, unlike India, whose billionaires tend to stay in the country and focus on investing there, a lot of Brazilian billionaires take their money elsewhere.

Brazil doesn’t have the military strength of other rising superpowers, but it has the economy and is on an upward ascent. It relies heavily on trade with China, the EU and the US, with these countries accounting for nearly half of their exports, but it also does a lot of trade with other countries in the Americas and it is signing new trade deals all of the time.

Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia is one of the twenty richest countries in the world. It has built its economy on oil, and as we’ve seen recently in Venezuela, that can be a little problematic when the price of oil drops. However, the reason Saudi Arabia haven’t experienced similar strife is because they’ve used their oil money to establish huge trade routes and to to build booming metal, chemical and shipbuilding industries.

They also have the second largest oil reserves in the world and are the second biggest producer, so they play a big role in changing the price of oil and their economy booms every time it increases.

Saudi Arabia spend a lot of their oil money on building a strong military, they have established trade routes with the world’s biggest powers, and they have high credit ratings and cash reserves. They are also pumping huge sums of money into the economy to diversify it, including the construction of “economic cities” which are expected to contribute over $150 billion to the economy and could make Saudi Arabia a potent force in a few years.

Indonesia

Indonesia is one of the ten largest GDPs in the world, but it has a huge population (264 million) and a poor wealth distribution, leading to a low GDP per capita. On the plus side, Indonesia has some very valuable commodities and has cornered several markets over the years.

In recent years its economy has been boosted by the production of palm oil, which is one of its biggest exports. They also produce a lot of fossil fuels and have a large manufacturing sector, providing cheap textiles, clothing, medical supplies, musical instruments and more to countries all over the world.

There are more than 17,000 islands in Indonesia and its position in South East Asia has allowed it to establish vast sea trade routes with China, Japan and Singapore, with the potential for equally promising trade with India, Australia and South Korea.

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